Historic Events in Port Blair
Lets have a brief look on the major historic incidents in Port Blair from its establishment to the current status.
1789: Colonization begins, the Government of Bengal created a penal colony, in honour of Lt. Archibald Blair of the East India Company, on the Chatham Island of Port Blair.
1791: The colony was shifted to the northeast part of Great Andaman with a new name Fort Cornwallis, to honour Admiral William Cornwallis.
1796: Port Cornwallis had to be closed as many prisoners were dead due to diseases.
1824: Port Cornwallis served as a rendezvous for the convoy that carried the army to the First Anglo Burmese War.
1830-1840: The natives attacked and killed the crew members that alarmed the British Government to establish a new prison for punishing to such dreadful acts.
1857: The construction of new penal building started at the renovated Port Blair to accommodate huge number of prisoners as a result of Indian Rebellion of 1857.
1896-1906: This is the most important historical period of Port Blair, as Cellular Jail, which is the most famous tourist attractions of Andaman and Nicobar Islands nowadays, was constructed.
1943-1944: Port Blair becomes headquarter of Azad Hind Movement, which is headed by the dynamic leader Subhash Chandra Bose.
In short, Port Blair played a significant role throughout the Independence movement. Even though the city even has to face the worst sides of nature caused by tsunami and harsh earthquake in recent years, Port Blair could stand strong like a tough rock. Now, Port Blair, with its unique geography, climate and historical importance, is the most favourite tourist location of all types of people who come from various corners of the globe.